Even though gum disease is often the leading cause for tooth loss in adults, it is also avoidable in most cases. Periodontal disease is also known as gingivitis, or gum disease, and it can be caused by long term exposure to plaque. (Plaque is a sticky but colorless film that forms on teeth after eating or sleeping. Yuck!)
Infections from harmful materials and bacteria left behind in the mouth form and gum disease, such as gingivitis, forms in the gum’s tissue. Gingivitis may also be caused by hormonal changes in the body that promote plaque production, such as pregnancy.
Symptoms of Gum Disease or Gingivitis
The early warning signs of gingivitis are tender, painful, or swollen gums, minor bleeding after brushing or flossing, and chronic bad breath. However, gingivitis can also go unnoticed so it's important to keep current with routine visits to your Chicago dentist and to practice daily oral hygiene.
The infections can eventually cause gums to separate from the teeth, and this can lead to even greater risk for other infection and decay. If this problem continues to go untreated, other serious dental and oral problems may occur including abscess teeth, bone loss, or periodontitis may even develop.
Common warning signs of gum disease include teeth looking longer (because your gums have receded) or a pocket between teeth and gums, changes in the way your teeth fit together when biting food, or red and puffy swollen gums. Bad breath is often common with gum disease, and there may be pus that comes out from between the gums and the teeth.
Gum Disease Treatment & Prevention
As with most oral health problems, the best treatment for gum disease is preventative maintenance. In other words, remember to brush, floss, and rinse routinely to avoid the damages caused by plaque and other forms of bacteria left behind in the mouth. Visit your dentist in Chicago regularly, and always follow his or her advice… because they know what they are talking about!
There are a variety of methods to treat periodontitis, including root planning and scaling your teeth which involves cleaning and scraping beneath the gum line to smooth the roots. This can help the gums reattach themselves to the tooth structure. The best method of treatment will vary based on the severity and circumstances of each unique case.